The water of the J. Indus River is shrinking. Nature 534, 600-601 (2016). Due to the complexity of the problem, transboundary river basin management cannot be achieved through the isolated enforcement of decisions.65 Decisions based on local considerations can lead to misleading conclusions that may have an impact on peace and stability in the region. A more integrated approach to solving cross-border problems not only contributes to substantial regional development, but also promotes regional peace by enabling riparian countries to work towards common objectives with mutual understanding. However, negotiations quickly came to a halt and neither side was willing to compromise. In 1951, David Lilienthal, former head of the Tennessee Valley Authority and the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, the region to research articles he was to write for De Collier magazine. He proposed that India and Pakistan work to conclude an agreement for the joint development and management of the Indus water system, possibly with advice and funding from the World Bank. Eugene Black, then president of the World Bank, agreed. On his proposal, engineers from each country formed a working group in which engineers provide advice to the World Bank.
However, political considerations prevented even these technical discussions from reaching an agreement. In 1954, the World Bank proposed a solution to the impasse. After six years of talks, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan signed the Indus Water Treaty in September 1960. We understand that ultimately, air and water must be governed by an international agreement, as the sustainability of the planet`s ecosystem components cannot be guaranteed by the most disciplined scientific approach, with a localized scale. Therefore, such an approach must have a global understanding with a local perspective. Indeed, important steps have already been taken at the global level to control emission rates in order to improve air quality.71 Similar efforts are needed to ensure the sustainability of the basin and thus ensure sufficient supply and quality of water supply for domestic and industrial use. In 1948, water rights in the river system were at the heart of an Indo-Pakistani water dispute. Since the ratification of the treaty in 1960, despite several military conflicts, India and Pakistan have not fought any more water wars.
Most disputes and disputes have been settled through legal procedures under the Treaty.  The Indus Water Treaty is now considered one of the most effective water-sharing efforts in the world, although analysts acknowledge the need to update some technical specifications and expand the scope of the climate change agreement.   In addition, treaties in which there is no enforcement mechanism are influenced by regional powers. The case of the Nile agreement is here to take it. Egypt, as a regional power, had total dominance over control of the waters of the Nile.45 A number of persistent internal conflicts and the resulting economic fragility in Ethiopia prevented the country from challenging the Egyptian status quo in the region46 In the absence of a neutral administrator, the Ethiopian establishment could not find relief under the treaty. . . .